What Are the Rewards and Risks of Sleeve Gastrectomy?
Sleeve gastrectomy is gastric sleeve surgery. Using advanced laparoscopic techniques, 75% -80% of the stomach reduces dramatically. The surgeon staples the extra portion of the stomach, and only a shape of a banana or tube-like stomach remains. Consequently, the patient’s stomach has a capacity of only 4 ounces—the surgery results in a cut down on food intake, which ultimately helps in weight loss. No surgical procedure is without any risk and complications. Likewise, laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy also poses some difficulties. Hence, here we shall be discussing some risks of sleeve gastrectomy.
What is Gastric Sleeve Surgery?
- The surgeon makes several small incisions to insert the trocars inside the abdominal wall.
- The further steps is the analysis of stomach and division of the lateral blood vessels.
- A Bougie tube is inserted inside the abdomen, which serves as a sizer for the expected stomach size.
- The stomach is partitioned into two parts with the stapler.
- Only 20% – 25% of the original stomach remains.
Rewards and risks of sleeve gastrectomy
There are various beneficial outcomes of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy. The prime reasons to opt for the surgery are as follows.
- The patient feels complete with lesser food intake, which cuts down the calorie intake.
- The hormone secretion is reduces, which causes one to feel hunger. Therefore, people also feel less hungry.
- Lastly, Sleeve gastrectomy improves stomach motility. It helps the stomach pass the content much quicker.
No surgery is with zero risk and complications, and so is the sleeve gastrectomy. However, during the surgery, the risks are minor. Deaths during the surgery are almost none. However, some post-operative consequences may include bleeding, pain, anastomotic leaks, and blood clots.
Moreover, the dramatic size reduction of the stomach results in decreased food intake and results in weight loss.
Leakage from the staple line is a severe complication & risk of sleeve gastrectomy. The reported average blood leakage from the staples is 2.8%. However, if it increases due to improper treatment, it may lead to abscesses, sepsis, fistulas, cutaneous, in severe cases organ failure, and death.
Short term risks
Some of the other risks of sleeve gastrectomy include Anesthesia-related after-effects, infections, chronic nausea/vomiting, esophagus dilation, stomach obstruction.
Long term risks
Among the long-term risks of the surgery malnutrition, vomiting, low blood sugar levels, bowel obstruction, hernias, ulcers, and dumping syndrome. Moreover, dumping syndrome is causes nausea, severe diarrhea, abdominal cramps and pain, flushing, sweating, light-headedness, faster heartbeat.
In the end, all the risks and complications can be avoided if you choose a qualified and well-experienced laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy surgeon in Pakistan.